Another similar cognitive bias is the Dunning–Kruger effect which has shown that while unskilled people are more likely to overestimate their abilities, highly skilled individuals tend to be more modest or underestimate themselves.
Gottman’s Divorce Predictions
Psychologist John Mordecai Gottman is known for his work on relationship analysis and marital stability. In his early work, he found that there are four negative traits that are most likely to predict divorce: criticism of your partner’s personality, contempt or a feeling of superiority towards your partner, defensiveness, and emotional withdrawal or stonewalling.
Over the course of three studies from 1992 to 2000, Gottman designed a model to predict divorce that yielded accuracy results of 94%, 81%, and 87.4%, respectively.
High Place Phenomenon and Intrusive Thought
Have you ever had a disturbing thought at an inappropriate time, even though you totally disagreed with it and knew you would never act on it, and yet you still couldn’t shake it?
One example has been classified as “high place phenomenon,” or the urge some people get to jump (not necessarily suicidally) when in a high place. Studies have shown that this feeling is common even in people without suicidal tendencies, and that it is in fact their brains being hyper-alert of the dangerous situation they are in, warning them that if they jump, they will get hurt. The phenomenon could be anxiety related.
General thoughts such as these are called intrusive thoughts, which are commonly associated with OCD. They often involve aggressive, sexual, or religious thoughts or obsessions that people can’t get out of their heads even if they know they are wrong or disturbing.